Cocaine was once a national-wide drug epidemic that sparked debates over the best possible way to treat addiction and how to discourage people from using addictive chemicals. The cocaine surge of the 80s and 90s saw the inception of the “Just Say No” campaign and the Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) movement.
Politicians took on tough crime and drugs stances to answer the growing problem and criminalization of addiction. The cultural impact of the cocaine epidemic can still be felt today, but now that we have entered the opioid epidemic, coverage of crack and cocaine has decreased.
Cocaine addiction is still prevalent in the United States, and despite the lack of attention it has been getting compared with other drugs, it is still dangerous. According to statistics from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 1.5 million people aged 12 years and older have used cocaine in the past month. Additionally, information provided by the United States Centers for Disease Prevention and Control states that overdoses associated with cocaine addiction increased between 2012 and 2017.
If you or someone you know is dealing with an addiction to cocaine, it is vital that you find professional help from a cocaine addiction treatment facility immediately. For quality Florida cocaine drug treatment, call Ocean Breeze Recovery Center today at 1-855-960-5341.
Cocaine, also simply called coke, is a stimulant drug made from the coca plant that’s native to South America. The plant has been used by Peruvians for thousands of years as an energy supplement. However, when the psychoactive chemical is isolated and synthesized, it is much more potent than its plant-based counterpart.
In its salt form, cocaine is typically sold and used as a powder. It can be insufflated (snorted) for 60 to 80 percent bioavailability. That means it can enter the bloodstream fairly effectively by snorting. Cocaine is highly addictive because of its effect on the reward center of your brain. As it triggers feelings of euphoria, energy, and power, your brain learns the perceived rewarding effects and leads to impulses for you to repeat that action.
As a freebase, cocaine is called crack cocaine or just crack. Crack has a lower melting point than salt-form cocaine and can smoked. Smoking crack offers a more intense high that comes on rapidly and the euphoric effects wear off quickly. This effect often causes crack users to binge to try to continually achieve the intense euphoria. However, cocaine works by releasing dopamine and blocking its reuptake (the process of reabsorbing a neurotransmitter). The resulting excitatory effects are profound. However, your brain can only release so much dopamine in a short period.
During a crack binge, each high is weaker than the last but the user may continually seek the rush of the first hit. Because of this, many people point to crack as being more addictive than salt form cocaine. In reality, it is the same drug in different forms, administered in different ways. With prolonged use, both crack and powder cocaine can be incredibly addictive. However, the quick and intense effects of crack can cause users to become dependent on it more quickly.
Cocaine not only has profound effects on the body and brain but addiction can also become a financial burden. Cocaine is expensive and supporting a cocaine addiction can drain your finances considerably. Crack is sometimes a cheaper option, but it often has adulterants in it that can be dangerous. Some dealers may even use toxic chemicals like laundry detergent, or other psychoactive chemicals. A popular adulterant used to cut cocaine is lignocaine, a drug used as a numbing agent and for other medical uses. However, when mixed, they can cause dangerous side effects like seizures and tremors.
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Cocaine is a powerful stimulant that acts on the central nervous system. When cocaine enters the bloodstream, the levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine spike in those brain circuits that regulate pleasure and movement, most notably the nucleus accumbens. The nucleus accumbens is the brain structure which is located in the limbic system and it regulates both reward and pleasure sensations. In general, dopamine is released by neurons in brain circuits and structures like the nucleus accumbens in response to potential rewards and then it is recycled back into the cells that released it.
With regular cocaine use, there is no recycling of dopamine and thus excessive amounts build up in the synapses. Therefore, the dopamine signal is magnified and there are disruptions in normal brain functioning. Additionally, repeated use can change the brain’s reward system as well as other brain systems, which can lead to addictive behaviors.
In the most serious cases, those who use cocaine have a greater risk for suffering heart attacks or strokes. If cocaine is injected intravenously, there is a risk for contracting HIV, hepatitis, and other diseases. If cocaine is snorted, it can lead to a loss in the sense of smell, nosebleeds, and difficulties in swallowing. If cocaine is ingested, it can lead to severe bowel gangrene, can bring about severe allergic reactions, and bring on an increased risk of contracting hepatitis C, HIV, and other blood-borne diseases.
When you make the decision to undergo a cocaine addiction treatment, such as the one offered at Ocean Breeze Recovery Center, experienced staff will create a unique and highly individualized treatment and recovery plan that is made of three important steps. Depending on the severity of your addiction and a variety of other physical and mental health issues, the length of each step of treatment can vary. No matter how long you need to stay in a Florida cocaine addiction treatment program, it is absolutely necessary that you successfully complete each of these steps in order to give you the tools and support you need to achieve and maintain long-term sobriety.
For quality and professional help to assist you in addressing and overcoming your cocaine addiction once and for all, Ocean Breeze Recovery Center is your first and only choice. Our quality Florida cocaine addiction treatment programs are effective and proven to work. Our number one goal is to provide you the support, encouragement, and confidence you need to embrace a lifetime of recovery. Call us toll-free at 1-855-960-5341.
Those who quit cocaine can experience a host of physical and psychological withdrawal symptoms that can be very uncomfortable and painful to endure. In some cases, these cocaine addiction symptoms can even be life-threatening–especially if you have underlying health complications or have abused other illicit substances in addition to cocaine. In order to minimize the potential danger of these cocaine addiction withdrawal symptoms, you must first undergo medical detoxification in a safe, secure and highly supervised environment.
During the medical detox process, you may be given medications and undergo other interventions so that the withdrawal process is more tolerable. Additionally, the experienced treatment staff at a Florida cocaine treatment facility such as Ocean Breeze Recovery Center will also conduct a comprehensive evaluation to diagnose any co-occurring mental or physical illnesses that can provide obstacles to your recovery.
Once you are medically and psychologically stable and are substance-free, you are able to start an intensive drug rehab program, which is highly structured and individualized to meet your specific and unique needs. This overall treatment plan is created in collaboration with treatment staff and is derived from a wide variety of essential treatment services. You will undergo individual and group therapy and take part in a comprehensive life and coping skills training program that will give you the tools you need to successfully work your program of recovery while being able to adequately function in your daily life. Additionally, you have the opportunity to take part in a variety of holistic therapy techniques that will help address the totality of your cocaine addiction in mind, body, and spirit.
To give you the added support and encouragement you need as you leave formal drug treatment, Ocean Breeze Recovery Center offers and highly recommends that you attend aftercare programs. These treatment programs and/or sober living, will help you:
You can also benefit from the experiences and support of others who have attended Ocean Breeze Recovery Center through our alumni program.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2015 September) Behavioral Health Trends in the United States: Results from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Retrieved from http://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/NSDUH-FRR1-2014/NSDUH-FRR1-2014.pdf
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019, August 12) Opioid Overdose. Other Drugs. Cocaine. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/data/otherdrugs.html
Wikipedia. (n.d.) Free base. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_base
healthline. (2020, February 27) How Long Does Cocaine Stay in Your System? Santos-Longhurst, A., Westphalen, D. PharmD. Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com/health/how-long-does-cocaine-stay-in-your-system#onset
NIDA. (2018, January 17). Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: A Research-Based Guide (Third Edition). Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/principles-drug-addiction-treatment-research-based-guide-third-edition